Enriching Your Vocabulary With Figure Of Speech: Module 1

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1.1 Objectives of this Presentation

At the end of this presentation, the learners should be able to:

  • Define the term Figure of Speech.
  • State the uses of Figures of Speech.
  • Mention examples of Figures of speech.
  • Identify Figures of Speech with examples in each case.
  • Construct sentences using Figures of Speech.

1.2 What is Figure of Speech?

  1. Figures of speech are rhetorical devices that writers and speakers use to enhance their communication, add depth to their words, and create vivid effects in the minds of their audience.
  2. Figures of speech are language techniques that poets and orators use to enrich their communication, add profundity to their words, and create inspired effects in the minds of their hearers.
  3. Figures of speech are phrases or words used to convey meaning more than their ordinary or literal sense suggests.

1.3 Uses of Figure of Speech

  1. The principles on which figurative expressions are based are similarity, dissimilarity, or contrast between things, persons and associations or connections, imagination, indirection, ideas etc.
  2. These figures of speech often involve deviations from the ordinary or literal use of words or phrases, and they can make language more interesting, expressive, and persuasive.
  3. Figures of speech are an essential tool in literature and communication, allowing writers and speakers to convey complex ideas, evoke emotions, and engage their audience more effectively
  4. Figures of speech serve various purposes in communication, from enhancing clarity and engagement to conveying emotions and creating memorable experiences. They are valuable tools for writers, speakers, and communicators in various contexts, allowing them to convey their messages more effectively and artfully.

1.4 Benefit of Figures of speech

Figures of speech offer several benefits in both spoken and written communication as follows:

  1. Enhanced Clarity and Understanding: Figures of speech can make complex ideas or concepts more accessible and easier to understand. They often provide vivid imagery or analogies that help the audience grasp abstract or unfamiliar concepts.
  2. Engagement and Attention: Figures of speech capture the audience’s attention and make the content more engaging. They add variety and creativity to language, preventing it from becoming monotonous or dull.
  3. Emotional Impact: Figures of speech can evoke strong emotions or reactions in the audience. By using imagery and metaphors, speakers and writers can create a more profound emotional connection with their audience, making their message more persuasive or memorable.
  4. Memorability: Figures of speech make content more memorable. People are more likely to remember phrases or sentences that contain vivid metaphors, similes, or other rhetorical devices.
  5. Effective Persuasion: In persuasive writing or speeches, figures of speech can be powerful tools. They can help sway opinions, influence decisions, and make the audience more receptive to the speaker’s or writer’s message.
  6. Imagination and Creativity: Figures of speech encourage creative thinking and imagination. They invite readers and listeners to think beyond the literal meaning of words and explore the deeper or symbolic significance of language.
  7. Cultural and Literary Significance: Many figures of speech have become deeply ingrained in a culture’s language and literature. They contribute to the richness and uniqueness of a language, allowing for the expression of cultural values, beliefs, and traditions.
  8. Humor and Wit: Figures of speech are often used in humor and wit, adding cleverness and amusement to jokes, anecdotes, and satirical writing.
  9. Timeless Appeal: Figures of speech have been used throughout history and across cultures. They possess a timeless quality that allows them to endure and resonate with audiences for generations.

1.5 Example of Figure of Speech

Common examples of figure of speech are as follows

  1. Simile
  2. Metaphor
  3. Personification
  4. Hyperbole
  5. Alliteration
  6. Onomatopoeia
  7. Irony
  8. Oxymoron
  9. Paradox
  10. Euphemism
  11. Synecdoche
  12. Cliché

1.6 Identify Figures of Speech with examples in each case

1. Simile: A comparison between two unlike things using “like” or “as.”

For examples:

  1. Her smile was as bright as the sun.
  2. The athlete ran as fast as a cheetah, leaving his competitors far behind.
  3. The winter sky was as gray as a lead pencil, with no hint of blue.
  4. His voice was smooth and silky, like melted chocolate.
  5. The old house creaked in the wind like a haunted ship on a stormy sea.

2. Metaphor: A direct comparison between two unlike things, stating that one thing is another.

For examples:

  1. The world is a stage.
  2. His heart is a stone, cold and unfeeling.
  3. She’s a shining star in the world of science.
  4. Time is a thief that steals away our youth.
  5. The city streets were a maze of confusion during rush hour.

3. Personification: Giving human qualities or attributes to non-human entities or objects.

For examples:

  1. The wind whispered through the trees.
  2. The wind whispered secrets through the rustling leaves.
  3. The old car groaned and protested as it struggled up the step hill.
  4. The waves danced playfully along the shoreline.
  5. The sun smiled down on the happy picnic-goers.

4. Hyperbole: Exaggerating or overstating something for emphasis.

For examples:

  1. This suitcase weighs a ton!
  2. The man was so huge that when he entered the parlor the whole house shook
  3. Kunle was so hungry that he eat a bag of cooked rice
  4. My feet are killing me.
  5. The pen is mightier than the sword.

5. Alliteration: Repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of consecutive words or phrases.

For examples:

  1. Sally sells seashells by the seashore.
  2. Clary closed her cluttered clothes closet.
  3. Harry hurried home to watch football on TV.
  4. Rachel ran right until she realized she was running round and round.
  5. Polly’s prancing pony performed perfectly.

6. Onomatopoeia: Words that imitate or resemble the sounds they describe.

For examples:

  1. The clock ticked loudly.
  2. The mouse went squeak as it ran across the room.
  3. Suddenly, there was a loud thud at the door.
  4. The waves crashed against the side of the boat.
  5. The sausages are sizzling in the pan.

Evaluate Yourself

1. Identify which Figures of speech are the following sentences.

  1. Her laughter was like music, filling the room with joy.
  2. The moon watched over the city with a serene and watchful eye.
  3. She’s as thin as a toothpick.
  4. That plane ride took forever.
  5. The cat is mewing
  6. I’ve told you a million times.
  7. I love you to the moon and back.
  8. The boy buzzed around as busy as a bee.
  9. Silly Sally swiftly skipped down the street.
  10. The rain is drizzling
  11. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
  12. This is the best book ever written
  13. Her smile is a ray of sunshine on a cloudy day

2.  Mention two uses of Figures of speech

3.  List five benefits of Figures of speech

4. List six types of Figures of speech with examples in each case

5. Construct twelve sentences using different Figures of Speech.

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